Hôm nay chúng ta hãy cùng nhau học về các trường hợp đặc biệt của thể bị động nhé.
Nếu muốn xem lại các bài trước, các bạn hãy click vào đây nè:
I was offered … I we were given …
Một vài động từ có thể có hai tân ngữ. Ví dụ: give, ask, offer, pay, show, teach, tell…
Somebody gave the police the information.
Vì vậy chúng ta có thể tạo ra hai câu bị động.
The police were given the information.
The information was given to the police.
I don’t like being …
Thể bị động của doing/seeing là being done/seen.
I don’t like people telling me what to do.
=> I don’t like being told what to do.
Chúng ta có thể dùng get thay thế cho be trong thể bị động.
There was a fight at the party, but nobody got hurt.
I don’t get invited to many parties.
Chúng ta chỉ có thể dùng get khi có một thứ gì đó xảy ra. Chúng ta không thể sử dụng get trong những câu sau
jessica is liked by everybody.
Peter was a mystery man. Very little was known about him.
Chúng ta cũng có thể dùng get trong những cấu trúc (không mang nghĩa bị động) sau
- get married
- get divorced
- get dressed
- get lost
- get changed
BÀI TẬP ÁP DỤNG
1/He offered me 500 dollars to do the work.
A.I was offered 500 dollars to do the work.
B.I was offered the work to do 500 dollars.
C.500 dollars was offered me to do the work.
2/They asked the actress a lot of questions.
A.The actress was asked a lot of questions.
B.They was asked by the actress a lot of questions.
C.A lot of questions were asked by the actress.
3/She didn’t invite me to her birthday party.
A.I didn’t get invited to her birthday party.
B.I wasn’t got invited to her birthday party.
C.She didn’t get invited to her birthday party.
4/I don’t like my parents telling me what to do.
A.I don’t like being told what to do.
B.I don’t like to be told what to do.
C.My parents don’t like being told what to do.
5/When did they build that old building?
A.When did that old building get built?
B.When was that old building got built?
C.When did they get built that old building?